|Tourist map of Tarpon Springs|
|(Left) Bob's sponge (Right) Pat's sponge|
This little town lies on the shores of the Gulf of Mexico, a few miles to the north of the much larger city of Tampa. It is named after the breed of fish found in great numbers in nearby waters. Tarpon Springs also claims for itself the title of “Sponge Capital of the World” and for good reason. The sponge beds on the ocean floor, just offshore, produce in abundance some of the finest sponges to be found anywhere.
|Healthy sponge bed|
Sponges were first noticed in the area in 1873, when they were simply a nuisance snagging the nets of local fishermen. Yet many nuisances can be turned to good advantage and so were these when spongers came to the area to work the sponge beds lying just offshore. By the 1890s the locals began to develop a major sponge fishing industry and sponge packing houses were built in the town. This attracted more spongers from Key West, Cuba and the Bahamas.
Click video link below to see 1932 Sponge Divers of Tarpon Springs Florida Greek Diving Film.
By the 1930's, the sponge industry in Tarpon Springs generated millions of dollars a year. At one time long poles were primarily used in sponge fishing but, since so many sponge beds were at a depth of over 100 feet below the surface of the water and since the diving equipment of the time was primitive to say the least, being able to hold your breath under water was increasingly the name of the game.
Florida had a hard time in the 1920's. It faced destructive hurricanes and the collapse of the Florida land boom. Then, like the rest of the country, it faced the Great Depression. Surprisingly enough, Tarpon Springs survived this adverse economy and its sponge industry continued to prosper. It is therefore ironic that the industry, having survived those hard times, collapsed a decade later when blight infested the sponge beds. Many of the sponges died.
|Monument to sponge divers|
The sponge industry is now mostly in the hands of people of Greek descent and they own most of the sponge boats. A second irony is that income from tourism today provides Tarpon Springs with more than ten times the income that is derived from sponging.
Thousands of visitors come to visit the Sponge Docks, see professional divers at work and soak up the Greek culture in which the town is steeped. Various Greek Orthodox churches in Tarpon Springs are also of interest.
Pat and I visited a cute sponge museum which exhibited a film showing how the industry developed. That’s how I came to know the facts that I detail in this article. Tourists wander along the Dodecanese Boulevard with its unique Greek shops and enjoy traditional food and drink at the many Greek restaurants.
|Sponge factory and museum|
A visit to Little Italy, when we lived in Baltimore, was infinitely more affordable than an air ticket to Rome. Similarly a visit to Tarpon Springs costs a lot less than an air ticket to Athens for those in urgent need of a plate of Souvlaki or Moussaka, washed down by Retsina, an exquisitely unique Greek wine. We had a delicious Greek meal at Yianni's restaurant. Pat and I left this tiny piece of Greece in the middle of Florida more than satisfied with our visit. We shall return.
|Yianni's Restaurant in Tarpon Springs|
This story, written by Bob, was originally posted on our website September 11, 2014.